Architecture Stages and Features of Compositional Formations of Khachkars

Authors

  • Narine Emil Mkhitaryan National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia
  • Sherly Andranik Avedian Base of World Heritage Site of Iranian Historical Churches

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2022.2-008

Keywords:

khachkars, monumental art, sculpture, floral and geometric ornamental motif

Abstract

The article touches upon the origin of khachkar art, symbolism, stages of compositional development, as well as characteristics of artistic means. Since the 9th century, khachkar art has become a means of expressing the spiritual aspirations, religious perceptions and ideas of the Armenian nation. Thousands of khachkars, being one of a kind, are scattered not only throughout the Republic of Armenia and Arcakh, but also in the territory of Historical Armenia, including Turkey and Nakhichevan, as well as the Armenian colonies. Unfortunately, thousands of khachkars have been destroyed by vandals, who have tried and are trying to erase the Armenian trace outside the territory of present-day Armenia. The study aims at systematical presentation of the sequence of the phased development of khachkars, the compositionl, ornamental and national features typical of each period. We think that any research devoted to those purely Armenian monuments is still up-to-date and can enrich the list of scientific works dedicated to Armenian culture.

Author Biographies

Narine Emil Mkhitaryan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Architecture (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Associate Professor at the Chair of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Reconstruction of Historical-Architectural Heritage, Fine Arts and History

Sherly Andranik Avedian, Base of World Heritage Site of Iranian Historical Churches

Architect (Iran, Tehran) - Manager of the Base of World Heritage Site of Iranian Historical Churches

References

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Published

2022-06-29

How to Cite

Mkhitaryan, N. E., & Avedian, S. A. (2022). Architecture Stages and Features of Compositional Formations of Khachkars. Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research, 2, 52–58. https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2022.2-008

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Section

Articles