The Impact of the Constructive Solution on the Formation of the Portal in the Architecture of Armenian Churches of 4th-7th Centuries

Authors

  • Karen Ruben Azatyan National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia
  • Ruben Shmavon Azatyan “Azatyan” Architectural Studio
  • Arpine Aram Yolyan National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia
  • Nikolai Oleg Smelkov St Petersburg Repin Academy of Fine Arts

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2021.2-1

Keywords:

portal, structural, decorative, element, architecture, development, formation, churches, Armenian, 4th-7th centuries

Abstract

The article refers to the issues of decorative elements in architecture. The aim of the paper was to reveal the interaction peculiarities of the constructive and artistic solutions of the formation of the portals of the Armenian churches of 4th-7th centuries. The analysis of the process of formation allowed for carrying out the typological classification of the portals from the point of view of the transformation and development of the lintel construction. The classification showed that the portal created as a decoration of the entrance, as a result of the evolution of compositional-structural components was transformed into a unified constructive-artistic element, which has become the main type used in the later periods of the Armenian medieval architecture. The revealed features of the interaction of decorative and structural elements can be useful in the field of heritage studies and in the development of further works on the formation of decorative elements.

Author Biographies

Karen Ruben Azatyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

doctor of science (architecture) (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Professor at the Chair of Architectural Design and Design of Architectural Environment

Ruben Shmavon Azatyan, “Azatyan” Architectural Studio

Architect  (RA, Yerevan)  - “Azatyan” Architectural Studio, Creative Leader

Arpine Aram Yolyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

(RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Master student at the Department of Architecture

Nikolai Oleg Smelkov, St Petersburg Repin Academy of Fine Arts

 (RF, St Petersburg) - St Petersburg Repin Academy of Fine Arts, Dean of the Faculty of Architecture, Associate Professor of the Department of Architecture

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Published

2021-12-26

How to Cite

Azatyan, K. R., Azatyan, R. S., Yolyan, A. A., & Smelkov, N. O. (2021). The Impact of the Constructive Solution on the Formation of the Portal in the Architecture of Armenian Churches of 4th-7th Centuries. Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research, 1(2), 16–31. https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2021.2-1

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