Development of Technology and a Convertеr for Neutralizing Greenhouse Gases Emitted from Automobiles

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2024.6-001

Keywords:

greenhouse gases, absorption, converter, molecular network effect, activator, zeolite, mass exchange, ecology, diffusion combustion, ion exchange

Abstract

The article touches upon the issues of global warming associated with carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into the atmosphere from vehicle internal combustion engines (ICE). To neutralize existing greenhouse gases emitted by ICE, in particular CO2, the interaction of the latter with various chemicals has been studied. The dynamics of exhaust gas emissions from ICE cylinders were observed. The experimental research was conducted to develop a greenhouse gas neutralization technology. Carbon dioxide neutralization converter with three neutralization batteries and a homogenization device is presented. This converter can guarantee CO2 neutralization of up to 92%. The formation of CO2 in the cylinders of modern petrol engines is due to the final combustion of the air-petrol fuel mixture. The combustion of the latter in the cylinder can be heterogeneous and diffusive. In addition, CO2 is generated in large quantities during diffusion combustion. The most effective method of diffusive combustion was chosen by the constructors of modern ICE, which is the formation of an artificial turbulent gas-dynamic condition for the fuel mixture due to the increase in the temperature of the air adsorbed in the cylinder, which ensures the engine's thermal energy efficiency coefficient of up to 35%. The CO2 volume in the exhaust gases of such engines reaches up to 16%. Thus, considering the perfection of modern ICE design for providing a high-efficiency reaction for the hydrocarbon oxidation in the fuel mixture in the combustion chamber, it becomes apparent that the presence of about 16% CO2 in the fractional composition of emitted dissolved gases is a serious problem in terms of increasing the volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Therefore, the goal of this article is to develop a reduction technology.

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Author Biographies

Yeghiazar Vardanyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

Doctor of Science (Engineering) (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Professor at the Chair of Construction Machinery and Organization of Traffic

Valerik Harutyunyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Engineering (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Associate Professor at the Chair of Construction Machinery and Organization of Traffic, 

Vladimir Koichev, Baltic Fishing Fleet State Academy

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Engineering (RF, Kaliningrad ) - Baltic Fishing Fleet State Academy, Associate Professor at the Chair of Motor Transport and Car Service

Karapet Mosikyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Engineering (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Associate Professor at the Chair of Construction Machinery and Organization of Traffic

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Published

2024-01-25

How to Cite

Vardanyan, Y., Harutyunyan, V., Koichev, V., & Mosikyan, K. (2024). Development of Technology and a Convertеr for Neutralizing Greenhouse Gases Emitted from Automobiles. Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research, 6, 3–10. https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2024.6-001

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