Preventive Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Armenia: A Preliminary Study of the Internal Surfaces in the Geghard Monastery

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2024.6-003

Keywords:

Armenia, Geghard Monastery, preventive conservation, non-invasive analyses

Abstract

 In the Armenian context, most of the architectural heritages are monasteries often subjected to geological hazards and degradation of materials due to the environmental conditions. The aim of this study, in collaboration between the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and the National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, was a preliminary analysis of the state of conservation of the UNESCO heritage site of Geghard Monastery. Specifically, this research reports the results of the multi-disciplinary investigation on the internal stone surfaces of the caved "Proshian family room" belonging to the XIII century. In situ analyses that consisted of a careful visual survey of the stone surface, environmental monitoring, water absorption and ultrasonic measurements were conducted.The collected data constitute a starting point for monitoring the degradation phenomena, which is helpful for future preventive conservative interventions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Matilde Veneziano, Ca' Foscari University of Venice

Doctor in Heritage Science (Italy, Venice) - Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics

Emma Harutyunyan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Architecture, professor (RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Head of the Chair of Theory, History and Heritage of Architecture

Nanar Kalantaryan, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia

(RA, Yerevan) - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, lecturer at the Chair of Theory, History and Heritage of Architecture, researcher at the Scientific Research Center of Historical Cultural Heritage

Guido Driussi, VEnice GAteway for Science and Technology

Doctor in Industrial Chemistry (Italy, Venice) -  Arcadia Ricerche s.r.l., VEnice GAteway for Science and Technology, Scientific Director

Zeno Morabito, VEnice GAteway for Science and Technology

Doctor in Chemistry (Italy, Venice) - Arcadia Ricerche s.r.l., VEnice GAteway for Science and Technology, Senior Researcher

Elisabetta Zendri, Ca' Foscari University of Venice

Doctor in Industrial Chemistry, professor (Italy, Venice) - Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Head of the Research Group in Chemical Sciences and Technologies for Cultural Heritage

References

A.T. Aslanian, La struttura geologica della zona di G(h)eghard, in: Documenti di Architettura Armena G(h)eghard. Edizioni Ares, 1973.

S. Siegesmund, C.J. Gross, S. Oriolo, T. Lorsabyan, The Armenian Geological Record: Drifting Continents, Earthquakes, Volcanism, Landscapes and Geological Resources, in: Armenian panorama: Culture, Nature, People. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2022.

M.R. Valluzzi, On the Vulnerability of Historical Masonry Structures: Analysis and Mitigation. Materials and Structures, 40 (7), 2007, 723-743. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-006-9188-7

T. Koppel, H. Haldre, Ground Electrostatic Field Indicating Subsurface Water - Measurements in Geghard Monastery, Armenia. Proceedings of "Earth’s fields" International Conference, Tallinn, Estonia, August 24-26, 2018, 51−56.

H. Sanamyan, M. Danielyan, N. Kalantaryan, G. Nalbandyan, Restoration of Historical and Architectural Monuments in Armenia, in: Armenian panorama: Culture, Nature, People. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2022.

S. Siegesmund, C. Pötzl, Building Stones of Armenia: Conservation and restoration measures as resource protection, in: Armenian panorama: Culture, Nature, People. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2022.

W. Wedekind, E. Harutyunyan, N. Novaković, S. Siegesmund, Experimental Conservation and first Investigations on the Weathering of Geghard Monastery (Armenia), in: S. Siegesmund, B. Middendorf (eds.), Monument Future: Decay and Conservation of Stone. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 257-262.

P. De Campos, C.R. Appoloni, M.A. Rizzutto, A.R. Leite, R.F. Assis, H.C. Santos, T.F. Silva, C.L. Rodrigues, M.H. Tabacniks, N. Added, A low-cost portable system for elemental mapping by XRF aiming in situ analyses. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 152, 2019,78-85.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2019.06.018

M. Veneranda, M. Irazola, A. Pitarch, M. Olivares, A. Iturregui, K. Castro, J. M. Madariaga, In-situ and Laboratory Raman Analysis in the Field of Cultural Heritage: The Case of a Mural Painting. Raman Spectroscopy, 45 (3), 2014, 228-237. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jrs.4448

D. Camuffo, Il riscaldamento nelle chiese e la conservazione dei beni culturali: guida all’analisi dei pro e dei contro dei vari sistemi di riscaldamento. Electa, 2007.

T. Ribeiro, D.V. Oliveira, S. Bracci, The Use of Contact Sponge Method to Measure Water Absorption in Earthen Heritage Trated with Water Repellents. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 16 (1), 2020, 85-96. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2020.1751344

S. Fais, F. Cuccuru, P. Ligas, G. Casula, M.G. Bianchi, Integrated ultrasonic, laser scanning and petrographical characterisation of carbonate building materials on an architectural structure of a historic building. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 76 (1), 2017, 71–84.Doi: https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-015-0815-9

Downloads

Published

2024-02-27

How to Cite

Veneziano, M., Harutyunyan, E., Kalantaryan, N., Driussi, G., Morabito, Z., & Zendri, E. (2024). Preventive Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Armenia: A Preliminary Study of the Internal Surfaces in the Geghard Monastery. Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research, 6, 16–26. https://doi.org/10.54338/27382656-2024.6-003

Issue

Section

Articles