Separate Principles of Spatial Planning in the Border Regions on the Example of Meghri Community
Keywords:border region, settlement, security, road network, infrastructures, access to services
The paper aims to apply such principles of territorial planning in border areas and regions under the threat of war, which will allow to meet the primary needs of the population under relatively peaceful conditions and, in emergency situations, will reduce the vulnerability of territories and populations. To solve this problem, the issues specific to the border regions and principles of their classification were studied, which were found both in international documents and in scientific publications. In the example of the Meghri community of Syunik Marz, RA, such factors directly related to spatial planning, such as geographical location; natural, economic, and cultural resources; territorial placement of settlements; population; and infrastructure, were investigated. To solve the problem of access to public services, the infrastructures for providing the primary needs of the population were selected and categorized according to access levels. The study's findings led to recommendations for using these spatial planning concepts, which will guarantee that all the residents in the community's settlements have access to services.
C. Langer, M. Fernández-Götz, Boundaries, Borders and Frontiers: Contemporary and Past Perspectives. eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies, 7, 2020, 33-47. Doi:10.17169/refubium-28207
K. Goettlich, From Frontiers to Borders: The Origins and Consequences of Linear Borders in International Politics: PhD thesis, The London School of Economics & Political Science, 2019. p/http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3875/1/Goettlich__from-frontiers-to-borders.pdf
M. Rigg. The Relevance of Borders in the 21st Century. Master thesis, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies Air University, Alabama, 2017. https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1047350.pdf
C. Sohn. The Border as a Resource in the Global Urban Space: A Contribution to the Cross-Border Metropolis Hypothesis. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38 (5), 2014, 1697-1711. Doi:10.1111/1468-2427.12071
A.V. Kuznetsov, О.V. Kuznetsova, The Changing Role of Border Regions in the Regional Policies of the EU and Russia. Baltiyskiy region, 11 (4), 2019, 58-75 (in Russian). Doi:10.5922/2079-8555-2019-4-4
S. Sassen, When the center no longer holds: Cities as frontier zones. Cities, 34, 2013, 67-70. Doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2012.05.007
В. Van der Velde, R. Martin, So Many Regions, so Many Borders: A Behavioural Approach in the Analysis of Border Effects. Rome, Italy, 1997. https://hdl.handle.net/2066/139446
L.G. Osmolovskaya, Funktsii granitsy kak faktor razvitiya prigranichnykh regionov i formirovaniya transgranichnykh regionov. Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 1, 2016, 45-54 (in Russian).
V.A. Potosyan, HH sahmanamerdz gotum gyughakan bnakavayreri mardak’anaki taratsashrjanayin arrandznahatkut’yunnery yev arrka khndirnery, Bulletin of Yerevan university, 52(2), 2018, 118-124 (in Armenian).
Yu.A. Safaryan, J.N. Muradyan, S.A. Tovmasyan, M.M. Davtyan. Hayastani Hanrapetutyan tuyl yuratsvats taratsashrjanneri kaghakashinutyan kayun zargatsman ughinery.
Printing and Information Center of National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Yerevan, 2011 (in Armenian).
A. Firyan, Border Zone Characteristics as a Social Conflict Area. Collection of Scientific Articles, International Scientific–Educational Center of NAS RA, 2018, 219-227.
S.A. Tovmasyan, Principles and Methodology of Assessment Vulnerability of Rural Communities of the Republic of Armenia. Scientific Papers of National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, 1(64), 2017, 70-79 (in Armenian).
V.I. Slipchenko, Voyny shestogo pokoleniya. Oruzhiye i voyennoye iskusstvo budushchego. Veche, Moscow, 2002 (in Russian).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Sargis Tovmasyan, Hayk Zirakyan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC). CC BY-NC allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. The users may adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material giving appropriate credit, providing a link to the license. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.